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Flies breed in semi-solid decaying organic matter like food waste garbage, dung etc. They cause high health risks to humans by transmitting many diseases like salmonella, dysentery, tuberculosis, cholera and parasitic worms. Also, they have been the main reason for cholera and dysentery epidemics.

The diseases are spread because of their typical breeding and feeding habits. Disease causing microbes get stuck on the mouthparts and footpads of flies and are transmitted onto places they land on for feeding on exposed food causing food poisoning to the person who consumes.