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Ticks are small parasites feeding on the blood of mammals like dogs, cats, cows, buffalos, horses, camels and birds like poultry and others. Ticks have eight legs and are widely distributed around the world, especially in warm, humid climates. Adults have oval or pear-shaped bodies which become engorged with blood when they feed. They have a hard shield on their dorsal surfaces. Hard ticks have a beak-like structure at the front containing the mouthparts whereas soft ticks have their mouthparts on the underside of the body.

Ticks have four stages to their lifecycle, namely egg, larva, nymph, and adult. taking at least a year to complete their lifecycle. Because of their habit of ingesting blood, ticks also carry the disease causing organisms and cause diseases to humans. Animals and birds. As they feed on blood, their presence affects the dairy and poultry production.